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Thursday, April 28, 2011

Hirtenberg HP VT 21





HP History Lesson:- Located in the town of Hirtenberg south of Vienna, Austria, HP's primary business as an ammunition factory dates back to 1860. 
The first model engine was the .61 had a bell type rear rotary valve and Schnuerle porting design, both were unheard features of in the 1960's. Soon the .61 evolved into a front intake version which proved to be more suitable for conventional model airplanes.
With the success of the .61, the HP .40 soon followed and gained a wide following which its descendant today still carries.
Throughout the 1970's a full line of engines soon to be known as the most advanced and highest quality were in full production.
In the early 1980's the Austrian government took ownership of the munitions factory. During this time development began on a series of 4 stroke engines with a unique rotary valve design. These proved to be the quietest and most fuel efficient engines ever produced.
During the late 1980's the engine production was neglected as it was such a small portion of Hp's business.
In 1990, after years of negotiation, RJL was able to purchase the model engine department from Hirtenberger and move the engine production to Southern California.
Hirtenberger AG, Austria is still in the business of manufacturing ammunition and munitions and is no longer affiliated with the model engine production.
The HP engine line, name and HP logo were obtained in 1990 from Hirtenberger AG,  Austria. HP model engines are no longer associated with Hirtenberger Patronen munitions company in Austria.


View a short video clip featuring the VT 4 stroke engine:-

video

Design Features:- 
 Ringed-ABC construction • Double ball bearing supported crankshaft • Rotary Valve porting


The VT series engines are very similar in design to the RVC series engines where the
cylinder sleeve rotates at exactly 1/2 the rotational speed of the crank shaft.

Specifications:-


SPECIFICATIONS
VT .21
VT .25
Displacement
.21 cu.in. (3.5ccm)
.25 cu.in. (4ccm)
Bore
0.654
Stroke
0.63
0.63
Power
.35 hp
RPM Range
2500 ~ 15,000
Weight
9.5 oz
Prop Size
8x5; 8x6; 9x5; 10x4

Personal Observations:-

I acquired my VT21 in a closeout sale from MECOA (RJL) in the early 1990's and I was very impressed by the outward quality of the engine as well as its unique design features. I was anxious to mount it in a model and test it in the air. Finding a suitable model proved to be an almost impossible task. The first subject was a scale Curtiss Jenny JN4 and I did manage a takeoff and a very short flight which was terminated early because of lack of power.

The high weight and lack of power severely limited the number of possible model candidates to use with this engine. I eventually choose an electric model by Carl Goldberg called the the Electra. After a couple of flights with the Electra the VT21 became too difficult to start due to rapid loss of compression and was retired to spend the rest of it's life sitting on a shelf.
Carl Goldberg Electra 78 inch 48 ounce

Special thanks to MECOA, YouTube Channels XJET, DEUTEC and WINGWALKER13 for material used in this page.

Do you have a video clip that you are willing to share; a vintage engine to trade or want to purchase one of our vintage runners?
If the answer is yes, go to our trading post for a visit and have a look around.
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1 comment:

  1. Here's a model with an original VT21
    http://www.thebuildingboard.com/search?q=swayback

    ReplyDelete