Saturday, May 31, 2014

Forster 99 Ignition Engine

The Forster 99 ignition engine first appeared on the market in 1936 and was sold through the 1950's. Many features of the day included two speed timer to allow a low/high speed by retarding the spark timing, ball bearing crankshaft, and bronze bushed connecting rod. This well known favorite of many modelers produces .68 horsepower and swings a 14 to 16 inch propeller with ease.

Motor FORSTER 99 M & G Speed ​​2

Technical data :

Model FORSTER 99
Series / Serial Numbers s / n
Year of manufacture 1955
Displacement 0,997 cu. in. (16.33 d.c.)
Bore 1.062 in diameter. (1 1/16 in. 'S 26,975 mm.)
Stroke in 1,125. (1 1/8 in. 'S 28,575 mm.)
Spark ignition type
Cycle 2 times
Fixed Type carburetor (no regulation of speed)
Admission Sub-piston (port side)
If bearing Inner
Outer Bearing In
The crankshaft on the crankcase
If ERMEC on Crankshaft
Fuel Gas / (optional: Methanol )
Condition good used
Beam mounted Motor without plastic fuel tank. Spark plug 3/8 x 32. Piston with the rings. Timer a set of double platinum points, So that b or a timer can be chosen for low speed or high speed running (equivalent to continual motor control).
Engine operating tips

Ignition Set-up
Shown above is the RC activated switch for selecting high or low speed timers  

The first thing I noticed when attempting to mount this big engine to the workbench was, because of the extra large diameter of the crankcase some sort of special mounting setup would be required. The workbench was a top consisting of a single piece of 2 inch thick Canadian Ceder measuring 2 feet by six feet in length so there was no real danger of the table top taking to flight during the test run. Our first attempt to attaching the Forster 99 involved using a two foot length of 2 X 4; notched to accommodate the crankcase and the mounting lugs secured to the 2 X 4 by 4 - 3/16 X 1.5 inch wood screws and the whole mount assembly screwed to the table top by 4 - 5 inch long number 10 deck screws.  
The plan was to make the first few runs on this new to me engine using nitro fuel and glow plug ignition. After a healthy priming of the cylinder the glow driver was attached we stood to one side and gave the 17 X 8 inch prop a smart flip with an oak chicken stick. The engine fired up immediately, gathered speed and promptly departed the test stand trailing the length of fuel tubing.
After the initial shock subsided I set off to track down the resting place of the big Forester. The first clue that we were on the right track was the short length of brightly colored fuel tubing lying in the undergrowth 25 feet from the bench. I took this as an encouraging sign because finding objects in the woods can be a problem and at the best take a long search. Another 15 feet into the bushes we spotted her with mounting screws still attached: luckily the fuel tank was left on the bench otherwise she now would be lying in the next county.
The experience gave me cause to rethink the mounting setup and to conduct my activities from the opposite side of the bench: well out of harms way and out of range of that mighty spinning prop.
At this point I haven't been able to manage a full ignition run. The timer I selected to wire for the attempts appears to be the high speed one. I know this because the only firings were a few of those propeller throwing bangs that result from early ignition (well before top dead center). Tests with a multi-meter confirmed that the timer chosen is the one where the points first close in the cycle.
Now that I am almost certain which of the timer terminals is for the slow speed running (retarded setting; the plan is to select it for starting and have a double pole switch for selecting the high speed timer after starting and adjusting the fuel mixture. The timing adjustment arm is so close to the propeller arc that any running adjustments are just far too dangerous.

After several exciting runs of this engine using glow ignition and nitro fuel its time to move on and attempt running on full ignition and eventually; full ignition gasoline and speed tests with that two stage timer, but first we have to be able to identify which is the retarded timer for start-up.

Monday, March 10, 2014

Webra Winner 2.5 cc


ManufacturerWebra-Fein-Modelltechnik, Berlin, Germany
Distributed byWebra-Fein-Modelltechnik, Berlin, Germany
Series / Series Issues / n
Year of manufacture1974
Displacement2.46 cc (0.150 cu.-In.)
Diameter14 mm. (0.551 in.).
Career16 mm. (0.630-in.)
Power ClassDiesel
Type of carburetorFixed (no speed control)
AdmissionRotary valve front (crankshaft)
Inner bearingNot
Bearing outerNot
Crankshaft on crankcaseIf
Crankshaft on bronzeNot
FuelEther / Petroleum / Oil
CommentsRange of Webra sport. Motor without ball bearings, sleeve steel radial piston transfer and mehanita. Motor designed for the general public, uncomplicated and easy operation.Maintains a strong resemblance to the Webra Record last generation.

Published on 2 Mar 2014
In this episode you can see how this lovely old school long-stroke runs.The engine is actually as old as I am and was offered to me for rebuilding. Due to the lose of the original piston, connecting rod and wrist-pin the rebuild was a bit more difficult than it normally would be, to make this old beauty into a runner again. I used for a pattern a piston from another engine and a simple dummy connecting rod made up from sheet aluminium to get the right distances correct specially the eye to eye dimension from big end to small. I got the needed sizes pretty well and very close to what it should be. The run-in the clip is the 4th run after the rebuild and the engine is still a bit tight at top dead center, so more runs are needed to get the right fit for the new piston and liner combination.. The engine starts very easily, as is expected of a long-stroke, but all Webras have these nice properties.The Webra engines were always very well made and were known for the superb internal fits and finishes. All of these factors resulted in them also being superb starters.
The bore in the crankshaft for induction is pretty small, so the engine could be easy tuned a bit for extra performance by simply opening up the bore. The again this engine was never build for fast rpm, but more as a solid sports motor that can swing larger propellers..Running it with a 7 x 6 is not recommended by the makers. .A 8 x 6 will be good for combat, as long you don't run it over the max. rpm. The 10 x 4 old wooden prop moved a lot air and the engine is not run in yet.
I miss having the Komet and Winner in my maybe one day I will get lucky and make this lovely "Webra Family" of mine complete.

 Dummy Connecting rod used to establish required dimensions and engine timing

 Making the new piston

 All new parts ready for assembly

 visual check to confirm that the arrangement is true for correct engine operation
 Still missing its spinner but ready for operation
 Mounted in the test stand with a wooden 10 x 4 Top-Flite propeller mounted 

Clip of the fourth run after the rebuild